Ilex aquifolium

What is Holly

Holly is an upright evergreen shrub or small tree growing to 15m tall. It has dark green, prickly leaves and small off-white flowers borne in the axils of the leaves. Flowers develop into rounded and glistening dark red berries, appearing in autumn.

The berries are eaten by birds which disperse the seeds into forests and bushland. 

Holly’s a particular problem in cooler climates with reliable rainfall. And, understandably, the prickles on the young growth make removing holly even more of a challenge.

How to protect your plants

Small plants can be removed manually when using appropriate protection against prickles. For more established plants, apply Yates Zero Super Concentrate Weedkiller as per label instructions for unwanted trees. 

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Tall shrubs or small trees which spread by means of blue-black berries that form after flowering. Berries are spread by fruit-eating birds. Often blamed for aggravating hayfever and asthma symptoms.

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A perennial groundcover plant with sprawling wiry stems, up to 2 metres long, arising from underground rhizomes.


A dense bush which scrambles over roadsides, nature reserves and neglected gardens, especially in areas close to the sea.