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When designing a garden, there are several key principles which will help you understand the challenge of your task ahead:
The key is defining the origin of an axis and then determining the outcome of this axis. The outcome of an axis may well be a feature or focal point. This might include the use of water, an urn, a garden seat, sculpture or simply a defining plant to create the focal point of the axis. Focal points are used sometimes as a more subtle attraction to draw you through a garden. It may be a statue partly hidden behind foliage, a striking plant in flower or perhaps an archway that frames the entrance to a new part of the garden. By drawing you closer, other focal points can, in turn, be used to lead you further through the garden.
Drawing the eye
Moving the eye along an axis is important in design. For example, using steppers on lawn may not only be practical, but also help to direct your vision to a focal point at the end of the axis. By designing the line of the axis, you can affect the vision by slowing it down (curved lines) or speeding it up (straight lines) and therefore you can create very formal focal points or more subdued discreet focal points depending on the mood you want to create.
Framing the view
Framing an axis defines the line of sight in a garden. Anything from low hedges to tall trees are ideal for framing an axis. Coloured border plantings can also be used for framing an axis. Create straight or curved garden beds and plant in themes for effect.