Most people think pineapples (Ananas comosus) grow on trees, but they actually grow from a handsome leafy plant on the ground. It’s a type of bromeliad (same family as the air plant!); in fact, it’s one of the few edible species of broms. Despite their tropical appearance, they don’t need a tropical climate to thrive – they’re quite happy with subtropical to warm, temperate frost-free areas. They can grow 1.5m and 1m wide, so make sure you have the space if you’re going to grow a few.

How to grow Pineapples in a garden

  1. Choose a sunny spot with well drained soil. Enrich the soil with Yates Dynamic Lifter Organic Plant Food. If the soil is clay based, improve soil structure by adding gypsum and forking in well. In poorly drained areas, pineapples can also be planted in a raised mound of coarse free-draining soil.
  2. Dig the planting hole twice as wide and to the same depth as the root-ball.
  3. Remove the plant from the container, position in hole, backfill with soil, gently firming down. Form a raised doughnut shaped ring of soil around the outer edge of the plant's root zone. This helps keep water where it's needed. Always water in well after planting to settle the soil around the roots and keep the soil moist for several weeks while the new plant establishes. 
  4. Mulch around the base with organic mulch like woodchip or pea straw, keeping it away from the base of the plant.
  5. Water deeply, once or twice a week, depending on weather conditions.
  6. During the growing and flowering/fruiting season, feed with Yates Thrive Citrus & Fruit Granular Plant Food. TIP: for an added boost during the flowering/fruiting season, apply Yates Thrive Citrus Liquid Plant Food.

How to grow Pineapples in a pot

Pineapples make wonderful pot specimens, so they’re perfect for small spaces or even a balcony. You can also bring them indoors to help liven up your space. Look for the ‘Dwarf Pineapple’ which produces small sweet fruit. 

  1. Choose a pot at least 450mm wide. Position in full sun and fill with quality potting mix, such as Yates Premium Potting Mix.
  2. Remove the plant from the container, position in hole and backfill with potting mix, gently firming down. Water in well. 
  3. Water deeply, 2-3 times during the week, depending on weather conditions. 
  4. During the growing and flowering/fruiting season, feed weekly with Yates Thrive Citrus Liquid Plant Food. Throughout the year apply Yates Thrive Fish Blood & Bone Plant Food Concentrate.

How to grow Pineapples from a store-bought fruit

Did you know - the top of the pineapple you buy from the supermarket can be used to grow another pineapple plant. What a bonus!

  1. Purchase a whole ripe pineapple that has its leafy crown still attached to the fruit.
  2. Using a sharp knife, remove the crown from the fruit and remove all fruit flesh from the top. 
  3. Remove the bottom leaves to help expose the stalk of the crown, then, let dry for a week in a cool dry spot.
  4. Fill a pot with Yates Black Magic Seed Raising Mix leaving a hole in the centre.
  5. Plant the top into the centre of the pot, backfill and water in well.
  6. Position in bright, indirect light and keep the soil moist until roots develop.
  7. After 6-8 weeks, or once roots are well developed, plant them in the ground or pot as per instructions above.

Growing tips

  • Growing pineapples requires patience as a young or new plant can take up to 2-3 years to produce fruit. 

  • Pick and eat only when ripe (golden yellow or orange colour) as green immature pineapples are toxic. If you have rats/mice who like to steal from your garden, cut when the pineapple just starts to turn yellow, then leave inside for a few days to allow it to ripen. Otherwise, use a netting/wire-mesh and framework to protect your produce.
  • Break off any baby plants or ‘pups’ from the mother plant and replant into a pot filled with Yates Black Magic Seed Raising Mix. Use the same technique as described in the above section 'How to grow Pineapples from a store-bought fruit'.

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Apples can grow into large trees, but you can also find dwarf forms. Be sure to find a self-fertile variety or two which can cross-pollinate.

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Recommended products

Yates Premium Potting Mix

A premium potting mix, ideal for all potted plants and shrubs, including ornamentals, fruit trees, vegies and herbs.